Compound eyes. Citrus aphids. kurstaki (Berliner) (Btk) @ 2 g/lt; ii) Nimbecidine (Azadirachtin 0.003 EC) @ 5 ml/lt; iii) Chinaberry fruit extract Spray botanical insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts. https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2018/07/bt-eggplant-improving-lives-bangladesh The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) is one of eggplant’s most destructive insect pests. According to mouthparts A. Chewing insects – remove pieces of plant tissue, eat leaves. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit.The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. The FSB is a small larva that bores inside shoots, resulting in the withering of the shoots. Pages 36. In Southern and Southern East Asia, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (BSFB) is the most harmful pest for eggplant. ), or brinjal, was engineered to express an insecticidal protein (Cry1Ac) from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and commercialized in Bangladesh on a limited basis in 2014. How to control eggplant fruit and shoot borer. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… Eggplant fruit and shoot borer is an extremely destructive pest, especially in South and Southeast Asia (Ramasamy, 2009). © 2013 East-West Seed. Use of attractant or pheromone lure to suppress male population. It lays eggs on the foliage and neonate larvae feeds on the tender shoots, boring into the shoots and fruits, resulting in wilting of young shoots, followed by drying; the fruit becomes unfit for marketing and consumption. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. facets. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. It also Cecid fly. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Apply insecticides like triazophos (e.g. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Destroy old eggplant plants and stubble (burn or bury them) immediately after harvest. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas. This … However, there are few Bt vegetable crops. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. It is … eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. It causes up to 90-percent yield loss at severe disease pressure. Pupae can survive in the stubble for several weeks, infesting the new crop. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. The eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a notorious insect pest that causes havoc across all eggplant cultivation areas in Bangladesh. LESLIE UBAUB. Shanhua, Tainan: AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. increasingly ravaged by an insect, eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenée), the larvae of which bore inside eggplant fruit. [Read More...]. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis … A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of different management treatments as, i) Bacillus thuringiensis var. Due to increasing levels of resistance of L. orbonalis to different insecticides there is an urgent need to test new chemicals. A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of different management treatments as, i) Bacillus thuringiensis var. Academic disciplines Collect and destroy (burn or bury) all crop residues from the previous season. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August).). 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