OPs and CARBs that have been used most frequently in fruit fly control include dimethoate, fenthion, naled, malathion, fenitrothion, formothion (OPs), and methomyl (CARB). An experiment was conducted by Nasiruddin and karim (1992) on the evaluation of potential control measure for fruit fly, Bactrocera (Dacus) cucurbitae, in snake gourd. Put a wire from the cover to suspend the bait. Fruit flies need specific proteins to survive and mature, in addition female fruit flies also need proteins to mature their eggs. In situations where chemical control of melon fruit fly becomes necessary, one has to rely on soft insecticides with low residual toxicity and short waiting periods. This protein bait is specific to the fruit fly, it only attracts and kill these flies. Chemical Control of Melon Fruit Flay (Bactrocera cucurbitae) (Coq) on Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) by Malathion and Dipterex in D.I. Local area management. If you think you have found melon fly, you must take all reasonable and practical steps under your control to minimise any associated risks. In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. Within 30 hours, tiny maggots hatch and start to eat the decayed food. Materials required. Do not allow fallen fruit to accumulate under trees. [citation needed] Cultural. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. reliance on chemical control are many residues of insecticides in crops, health problems for farmers, contamination of water and soil, insecticide resistance development and decrease in natural enemy populations. The fruit fly is known as one of the two-winged insects, and it is one of the agricultural pests that intrude on fruit trees, causing damage to them, and weakening their productivity, and the female of this fly puts its eggs in a hole under the shell of a fruit seed, and when these eggs hatch, larvae come out white. This review paper on fruit fly survey in Nepal indicated that fruit fly is a problem causing considerable loss in productivity of citrus fruits and cucurbit vegetables. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. A poisoned bait gave good control of fruit flies (Steiner et al. Life Cycle A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. Based on the conducted monitoring of appearance of melon fly, optimal time for the performance of chemical pest control was determined. If you grow backyard fruit trees, unfortunately you’ll find there’s a range of pests wanting to get to your harvests before you do.And one of the most insidious is the Queensland fruit fly (which despite its name, is active well beyond Queensland). Chemical Management of Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Conquillett (Diptera:Tephritidae) on Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia Linn.) The melon fly. It attracts all common species of fruit flies such as African invasive fruit fly, melon fly and mediterranean fruit fly. Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Fruit flies. Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘bait components’ to the above ‘base baits’ to enhance their attractiveness. Chemicals for fighting the melon fly. Your rating: Your rating: None. The melon fly can attack both flowers, stem and root tissue, and fruit. Chemical control of the melon fruit fly is relatively ineffective. Abstract: Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. The implementation of control measures that do not imply an added burden to the environment and/or the farmers is urgent. Management of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps Bait traps. Kugler J, Freldberg A (1975) A list of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Israel and nearby areas, their host plants and distribution. Corpus ID: 83293314. The chemicals used for the control of fruit flies are Diptrex, Imidacloprid, Triazophos, and neem products [1]-[12]-[14]. }, author={S. Khan and G. H. Chughtai and Qamar-ul-Islam}, journal={Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research}, year={1984}, volume={5}, pages={40-42} } The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) The control plot and treated plots were characterized by varied fly population density on successive days of observation, with … 1.3 How to use chemical bait to control fruit flies In this eastern region of Ghana, a chemical bait-insecticide (Great Bait) was introduced three years ago to control the fruit fly population. While there are a number of parasitoids that can help control fruit fly populations, these kill the insect in the pupal stage and are therefore of little use in preventing damage if populations are already high. Sprays for fruit fly control may not be necessary in dry seasons. (Diptera: Tephritidae) to soybean hydrolysate, fishmeal, beef extract, banana/grapes, bread and dog biscuit was evaluated in snakegourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) gardens during 2000–2001. Responses of fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) to novel male attractants in north Queensland, Australia, and improved lures for some pest species. The first OP resistance studies in Tephritid flies were carried out in the olive fruit fly B. oleae, a pest that has been subjected to selection pressure by dimethoate and fenthion for several decades in Greece. Fruit Fly Mania is a protein which is highly attractive to both male and female fruit flies. Where chemical control is required, selective insecticides are chosen which target the pest, leaving the beneficial population unharmed. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. On the control and treated experimental plots, before application, an average population density of 11.5 fly/plant was noted. Israel Journal of Entomology 10, 51-72. Summary. 1998). No votes yet. Report suspected melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881. Average: 0. on bitter gourd. Local area management means the … Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. The two most common mechanical methods of control are wrapping developing fruit with a protective covering and the use of baited traps. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is a recommended method of controlling adult melon fly populations in the vicinity of crops. Chemical control is used when biological and cultural control has not been enough to protect the productivity of the crop. Video: Integrated Pest Management (Ground Cover TV, Grains Research and Development Corporation) … Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. malathion) mixed with a protein bait. Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). More information about IPM. Plastic bottle/jar 1 litre; Latex gloves; Galvanized utility wire; Methodology . Chemical Control Although cover sprays of entire crops are sometimes used, the use of bait sprays is both more economical and more environmentally acceptable. CHEMICAL CONTROL. The female produces a pheromone when she wants to mate and lay eggs. A bait spray consists of a suitable insecticide (e.g. Video: How to Control Fruit Fly Organically (December 2020). The development cycle of the flies . Management Non-chemical control Mechanical. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 5(1), 40-42. Some activities were accomplished to monitor and manage fruit fly in Nepal. These are applied baiting and cultural practices for management of fruit flies. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. @article{Khan1984ChemicalCO, title={Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Khan S, Chughtai GH, Qamar-ul-Islam (1984) Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). It is therefore recommended that an integrated approach is adopted to manage the spread. Area-Wide Control of the Oriental Fruit FLY and Melon FLY in Taiwan. cultural control, biological control, and chemical control. Biological . Austral Entomology 2015 , 54 (4) , 411-426. Heat a small piece of metal to make the holes easily. Make 10 to 12 holes into an old 1 liter plastic bottle or 3 holes on each side of 1 liter ice cream container, to allow flies to enter. Fruit fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, application of chemical pesticides and sanitation. Like many insects, male and female fruit flies find each other using smell. AREA-WIDE CONTROL OF THE ORIENTAL FRUIT FLY AND MELON FLY IN TAIWAN Tze-chung Huang1, Edward Y. Cheng 2, Ching-Hua Kao, Yu-Bing Hwang2 and Ming-Yao Chiang1 1Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taiwan ROC 2Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taiwan ROC ABSTRACT Area-wide control … Adult melon fly Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia An adult female fruit fly can lay up to 2,000 eggs on the surface of anything that's moist and rotting. Three insecticides, one with a fly attractant, protein hydrolysate, were tested in field experiments in 1975 and 1976 to control Dacus frontalis on watermelon and sweet melon in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. 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